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PRC-GEF Partnership on Land Degradation  in Dryland Ecosystems
LADA – South Asia
Tuesday, 06 May 2014 06:07

Land degradation (LD) is a common occurrence everywhere. It occurs in many forms, including soil erosion, landslides, salinization, acidification, land subsidence, loss of soil carbon, desertification, and land submergence. The extent of LD in the Asian region is massive.


A study sponsored by the FAO, UNDP and UNEP (1994) estimated that India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran, Afghanistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Bhutan are collectively losing at least US$10 billion annually as a result of LD . This value is equivalent to 2% of the region's GDP, or 7% of the value of its agricultural output. The study estimated that soil erosion caused by water affects 83 million hectares (equivalent to 25% of all agricultural lands) and 59 million hectares (40% agricultural lands) in the dry areas of the region. According to this study, the extent of lands subjected to LD is about 140 million hectares, of which 31 million hectares are considered strongly degraded, and 63 million hectares moderately degraded. Country-wise, 94% of agricultural land is degraded in Iran, followed by Bangladesh (75%), Pakistan (61%), Sri Lanka (44%), Afghanistan (33%), Nepal (26%), India (25%) and Bhutan (10%).

South Asia Project PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 06 May 2014 08:23

Land Degradation Assessment and Monitoring for Sustainable Land Management and Climate Change Adaptation in South Asia (TCP/RAS/3312)


Project in Brief


Two-year LADA Asia project was initiated following the workshop held at the Asian Institute of Technology on “Mitigating Climate Change through Implementation of Improved Agricultural Practices in South Asia” during 30-31 March 2011 with the active participation by representatives from Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal and Sri Lanka and discussed the issues on land degradation in the sub-region and agreed on possible focused areas of activities in addressing the above objectives through a Technical Cooperation Project from FAO. The Project activities commenced with a three-day Inception meeting held in Kunming, China during 16-18 March 2012. Since then, the project activities continued until November 2012 and ended with the Final Workshop held in Chiang Mai, Thailand on 13-14 December 2013. Project Objectives

Introduction to Philippines LADA PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 06 May 2014 05:35



Land degradation is a long-term decline in ecosystem function and productivity. The quality and management of land resources in the Philippines has become a serious concern due to pressures from exponentially increasing population and the subsequent need to expand agricultural production to marginal areas demanding conversion of prime agricultural lands to non-agricultural uses. In the Philippines, land degradation processes of particular concern include erosion, compaction, acidification, declining soil organic matter, weed infestation, soil fertility depletion and biological degradation.


The Philippine National Action Plan has done historical analysis of land degradation in the Philippines, identified the forms, causal factors, extent and distribution of land degradation. The Program Component 3 of the Philippine National Action Plan calls for database development and harmonization. There is a strong need to verify and harmonize the Philippine land degradation data with the globally estimated data. Presently the country has no integrated land degradation assessment information.


There was no mechanism in place to collect and disseminate comparable information within countries, across regions and at the international level to arrest LD. To respond to the needs of up-to-date and comparable land degradation information, the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) has funded the Land Degradation Assessment in Drylands (LADA) project to be tested in the Philippines.

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